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Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) charges, exemptions, penalties and appeals

The Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) allows us to raise funds from developers and householders undertaking new building projects in South Lakeland. We use the money to help fund the wide range of infrastructure that is needed as a result of development. This includes new or safer road schemes, flood defences, schools, hospitals and other health and social care facilities, park improvements, green spaces and leisure centres.

Find out if you need to pay CIL

To find out if you need to pay CIL, or if you qualify for any exemptions.

Step by step guide to CIL on the Planning Portal

CIL charges

CIL is calculated per square metre of development on gross internal area (GIA). GIA is the area of a building measured to the internal face of the perimeter walls at each floor level (as defined by the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) Code of Measuring Practice, 6th Edition, 2007). This RICS definition is subject to exclusions set out within the CIL Regulations.

Gross Internal Area (GIA)

GIA is the area of a building measured to the internal face of the perimeter walls at each floor level (as defined by the RICS Code of Measuring Practice, 6th Edition, 2007). This RICS definition is subject to exclusions set out within the CIL Regulations.

GIA should include:

  • areas occupied by internal walls and partitions
  • columns, piers, chimney breasts, stairwells, lift-wells, other internal projections, vertical ducts, and the like
  • atria and entrance halls, with clear height above, measured at base level only
  • internal open-sided balconies, walkways, and the like
  • structural, raked or stepped floors are to be treated as a level floor measured horizontally
  • horizontal floors, with permanent access, below structural, raked or stepped floors
  • corridors of a permanent essential nature (e.g. fire corridors, smoke lobbies)
  • mezzanine floor areas with permanent access (subject to exclusion under CIL Regs)
  • lift rooms, plant rooms, fuel stores, tank rooms, which are housed in a covered structure or a permanent nature, whether or not above the main roof level
  • service accommodation such as toilets, toilet lobbies, bathrooms, showers, changing rooms, cleaner rooms, and the like
  • projection rooms
  • voids over stairwell and lift shafts on upper floors
  • loading bays
  • areas with a headroom of less than 1.5m
  • pavement vaults
  • garages and other ancillary buildings
  • conservatories
  • attic/loft space that is easily accessible (i.e. from a fixed staircase) and usable as habitable living accommodation

GIA should exclude:

  • perimeter wall thicknesses and external projections
  • external open-sided balconies, covered ways and fire escapes
  • canopies
  • voids over or under structural raked or stepped floors
  • greenhouses, garden stores, fuel stores
  • attic/loft space that is not easily accessible and not usable as rooms (i.e. have pulldown ladders or ceiling hatch access)

CIL rates per square metre

Our CIL rates per square metre are set out in the table below. These rates are index linked according to the Building Cost Information Service (BCIS) of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RCIS) and will change annually. We use the Q4 BCIS All in tender price as quoted on 1 November. The new rate is implemented on all permissions granted after the following 2 January each year.

The table shows the rates when CIL was first introduced in 2015. The BCIS index has increased by 25% from 2015 to 2019 so the 2019 Residential rate is £62.11/m2. The other rates have increased similarly by 25% 

Development type  Levy rate 2015 £/m2  Levy rate 2019 £/m2 
 Residential  £50/m2  £62.11/m2
 Croftlands strategic housing site, south Ulverston  £20m/m2  £24.85/m2
 Kendal and Ulverston Canal head regeneration areas - all development types  £0/m2  £0/m2
 Supermarkets and retail warehouses  £150/m2  £186.33/m2
 Sheltered/retirement housing  £50/m2  £62.11/m2
 Hotels  £0/m2  £0/m2
 Agricultural worker's dwellings  £0/m2  £0/m2
 Extra care housing  £0/m2  £0/m2
 All other uses  £0/m2  £0/m2

For residential development, we have three zones with different rates.

CIL Charging zone maps:

How to work out CIL

The multiplier for 2019 is 318/256 where 318 and 256 are the BCIS index figures for 2019 and 2015 respectively.

Multiply the Gross Internal Area of your development by the initial 2015 levy rate by the 318/256 multiplier.

Eg: 100 sq m x £50 x 318/256 = £6,210.94.

Please contact our CIL team for further assistance in calculating CIL. 

Penalties for avoiding CIL

You might incur high costs by not dealing with CIL. We have very strong powers to recover unpaid CIL.

CIL exemptions

Find out more about CIL exemptions at the Planning Portal.

Some special exemptions, surcharges and interest, specific to South Lakeland.

Appeal against CIL

The Planning Inspectorate handle appeals against CIL. They will make sure your appeal is valid and will let you know all about the appeal process and timescales.

Make an appeal against CIL

CIL in South Lakeland

CIL was introduced by and is regulated in accordance with the (amended 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014) CIL regulations 2010.

We have adopted the following polices in accordance with the regulations. CIL Policies in South Lakeland.

For more information on how we will spend CIL and how it fits in with other council policies refer to CIL and our CIL Infrastructure Delivery Plan.

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