Energy Performance Certificates (EPC)

Last Updated: 16 August 2021

An Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) shows the energy efficiency rating of a property, giving it a rating from A (very efficient) to G (very inefficient). The report shows the estimated cost to heat and light the property and what its carbon emissions are likely to be.

Landlords must have a valid EPC carried out, prior to letting a property, unless a valid EPC is already available. To check if there is a valid EPC for a property or to find a registered EPC assessors you can check the National EPC Register.

An EPC is valid for 10 years. The EPC can be reused during this time if the property is re-let. An EPC cannot be amended. If any changes are made to the property, for example a new central heating system, this will not change the EPC. A new EPC would need to be done to show any improvements. A copy of the EPC should be available for any prospective tenants to view and a copy should be given to tenants prior to a tenancy starting. From the 1st of October 2015, if a landlord fails to provide the EPC to a tenant, they cannot issue a Section 21 notice requiring possession.

Breaking the regulations for EPCs can result in a fine of £200. If you are a buyer or a tenant and you do not receive an EPC, contact Trading Standards at Cumbria County Council through the Citizens Advice helpline on 03454 04 05 06.

Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards (MEES)

The Domestic Minimum Energy Efficiency Regulations (2018) set a minimum standard for domestic private rented property. Landlords can no longer let or continue to let properties covered by the MEES Regulations if they have an EPC rating E or below, unless they have a valid exemption. The regulations apply to all domestic private rented properties that are let on specific types of tenancy agreements and that are legally required to have an EPC. Further information can be found in the guidance below.

GOV.UK: Guidance for domestic landlords on minimum energy efficiency standards