Coronavirus (COVID-19) food and safety advice for food businesses
The following guidance is to provide food businesses with information on how to ensure that takeaway services are being operated safely and to avoid the risk of food poisoning.
Due to the business closures in light of the Coronavirus (COVID-19), many food businesses are serving takeaway meals where this has not previously been carried out.
The legislation on takeaway foods eaten or drunk by customers in an area “adjacent to the premises” is open to a degree of interpretation. While we wish to assist businesses to operate, this must be in a way that is safe and legal. We must all bear in mind the significant risks that Coronavirus (Covid-19) currently presents. We would advise business operators to ensure that they are not encouraging people to congregate and thereby undermine the social distancing requirement. For instance, the location of picnic tables, seating etc. in an area adjacent to your premises would be likely to amount to a contravention of the regulations, whether or not the tables or seats are provided by your business.
We would therefore expect every takeaway food business to make a considered judgement as to how their business is likely to operate in practice, and what measures they may need to take to comply, before deciding whether it is acceptable to serve takeaway food or drinks.
We and the Police are both given the powers and duty to ensure that takeaway food businesses comply with this requirement.
Careful controls must be in place to ensure food safety and this guidance should be considered alongside general food hygiene information.
Select foods that are not high risk and are capable of being transported under temperature control more efficiently, such as foods that are capable of cooking to very high temperatures and dense enough to hold those temperatures for longer.
Avoid lightly cooked food.
Keep the menu simple and avoid complex dishes or too wide a selection.
Taking food orders
When taking telephone orders, ask the customer what allergen requirements they may have and ensure that you have the correct controls in place if you agree to provide an allergen free meal.
Food safety instruction and advice
Information must be given to the consumer on what they need to do to ensure that your takeaway remains safe to eat once it has been delivered.
For example: for immediate consumption, whether is it safe to reheat or freeze and how to do this, how to defrost and reheat.
It is strongly advised that takeaway meals are not provided as ready meals for storage and reheating at home and therefore bulk ordering is not advised.
You must ensure that you follow correct allergen control procedures and provide accurate information to the consumer.
This includes advice on providing information on 14 allergens and handling allergens in the kitchen.
Ensure that all cooked food is thoroughly cooked all the way through. Check that food is bubbling, that juices run clear and that there is no visible blood.
You are advised to use a cleaned calibrated probe thermometer to make sure that the food reaches at least 70℃ for two minutes or 75℃ for 30 seconds or equivalent time/temperature combination.
Hot boxes/cool boxes and containers used to transport food must be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected before and after use.
Hot soapy water using a fresh cloth followed by using a food safe sanitiser that meets BS EN 1276:2009 should be used, ensuring the correct contact time of the sanitiser (this should be on the sanitiser bottle). Ideally use disposable paper towel/roll for cleaning surfaces.
The temperature of food must be controlled to ensure that harmful bacteria will not grow.
To maintain safe food temperatures you must consider the time it takes to portion/pack the food and the travel time during delivery. Hot food must be held at 63℃ or above.
Food can fall below 63℃ for one period of up to two hours only during service or display.
Cold foods must be held below 8℃ to keep them safe, ideally between 0-5℃ during service or display.
Cold food can be held above 8℃ for one period of up to four hours.
Regardless of whether you use these exemptions you must not serve food that has become unsafe. Keeping a fridge thermometer in the cool box to monitor temperatures is advised.
The use of insulated cool boxes/bags with ice packs or insulated hot boxes will help comply with the requirements.
Takeaway food packaging/containers must be purchased from reputable suppliers and be food grade suitable for its intended use (eg hot food/lidded) and must be stored in a clean area to avoid contamination.
All food handlers must have a high degree of personal hygiene.
Regular and thorough handwashing must take place before handling food, after handling raw food, after using the toilet, after handling bins, after touching your face.
Clean, protective clothing should be worn when preparing food.
Food handlers must be excluded from working with food when they have symptoms of diarrhoea, vomiting, nausea or abdominal pain.
Food handlers who are ill or showing symptoms must be excluded from work for 48 hours after the symptoms have stopped.
Food safety management procedures
Food business operators must put in place all adequate controls to ensure that the food you serve is safe and not exposed to harmful contamination.
Introducing a new service, such as a takeaway service, must the carefully planned and details of how you will put safe food safety controls into practice must be recorded in your written food safety management plan.
Food must be labelled so that it is easy to understand.
Customers must be given:
- the name of the food
- a list of ingredients that contain any of the 14 allergens (nuts, peanuts, eggs, milk, fish, crustaceans, molluscs, cereals containing gluten, celery, lupin, mustard, sesame seeds, soya, sulphites) to inform those with food allergies
- a Use By date
- cooking/reheating instructions if applicable
- storage instructions
Contact free delivery
Limiting contact when delivering orders will help keep everyone healthy.
You should consider leaving deliveries at the door of your customer, rather than handing it over to them.
Knock on the door, step back at least two metres and wait nearby for the customer to collect it.
Taking payments over the phone or internet rather than taking cash also helps to minimise the risks.